According to its 2016 annual enforcement report, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) collected approximately $6 billion in combined federal administrative, civil judicial penalties and criminal fines during Fiscal Year 2016.  It also secured investments by companies to spend more than $13.7 billion in actions and equipment to control pollution.  This represents a significant increase over fines collected in 2015, when only $207 million in civil penalties were collected.  The increase in 2016 was largely attributable to a record $5.6 billion Clean Water Act penalty assessed against BP for the Deepwater Horizon event.  It is also important to note that the $13.7 billion in pollution control investments doesn’t include the approximately $15 billion penalty that Volkswagen agreed to pay in 2017.  A copy of the 2016 Annual Enforcement Report can be viewed here.